This blog and podcast will cover later New Testament writing (pastoral epistles) We discuss a popular verse that addresses gender roles.
- 1 Timothy 3:1-13
- Titus 2
- Ephesians 5:21-33
- 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus are referred to as the “pastoral epistles.” They were traditionally attributed to Paul, but most scholars now agree that they are not genuinely Pauline. These books date to the late 1st or early 2nd century. (Remember that Paul was writing in the mid-1st century.)
- We can see in these readings that there is a shift in “tone” regarding what matters in the developing church. There is emerging concern about roles and positions and the attributes that are required to hold these roles within the church structure. It is in indicator that the church is growing and changing, creating a sort of infrastructure to guide their development.
- We have talked before about some of the reasons that books might have been attributed to a particular person even though they were written by someone else. We may want to revisit that briefly.
- We often group the epistles of Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. However, scholars generally agree that Galatians and Philippians were written by Paul while Ephesians and Colossians were not and were probably written between 80-100 CE, after Paul’s death.
- A good chunk of Ephesians contains instructions on everyday life, including the passage in our readings. This language about gender roles and the relationship between spouses has been a source of much discussion and disagreement.
- How do the rules and regulations about elders and deacons “feel”? Does it sound like material Jesus would have said? Why or why not?
- Why would a growing church feel the need to outline these guidelines?
- Do we ever create rules and structures that serve one particular group of people? What effect does that have?
- How do the roles of men and women described in Ephesians 5 sound to a modern reader? What do we do with this material now?
- This passage (Ephesians 5) is still read at weddings fairly regularly. What do you think about that?
- What do you remember Jesus having said about men and women? Or what do you remember about the way that Jesus treated men and women, respectively? How does that compare with this passage?
- What do you think accounts for an emerging emphasis on defining gender roles more clearly?